We use a landscape conservation approach
to protect and restore the rainforests and other important ecosystems
We use a landscape conservation approach to protect and restore important ecosystems in Indonesia.
Conservation areas at the landscape level are often located between areas of human use, such as plantations and mining concessions, agricultural areas and settlements. With a multi-sector, multi-interest, and multi-stakeholder landscape approach, the management paradigm of conservation areas must change from focusing on single areas to larger areas that encompass a multitude of different land uses and often competing interests. Without finding a common ground between all stakeholders to devise solutions that are pro-ecosystem and pro- economy, conservation areas will become small patches or isolated islands in a wider landscape of human use. This showcases the need for conservation, protection, and restoration efforts at the landscape level in order to maintain ecological processes and ensure mutual benefit between protected, plantation, community and urban areas. This requires an approach under which all stakeholders build mutual respect, mutual trust, and share mutual benefits in jointly managing the landscape. Ultimately such an approach puts livelihoods, government, business and environmental values on the same level, providing equal opportunities and sustainability for all.
A landscape management approach provides a solid platform for negotiations, coordination and collaboration between all stakeholders as well as to formulate and apply best practices according to their respective roles. This concept needs to be formulated into a well- planned, comprehensive and quantifiable roadmap, so that it can serve as a reference to all stakeholders in planning, implementing, monitoring and evaluating the conservation programmes at hand.
Based on the social dynamics that currently exist in Indonesia, particularly in Sumatra and Kalimantan, small conservation areas are unable to maintain their function. Collaborative conservation efforts at a landscape level therefore become a logical choice at this time.
Belantara Foundation believes that a sustainable landscape approach must incorporate a harmony of principles that not only protect the livelihoods of the people, particularly at a grassroots level, but also see to a value added protection of natural resources and biodiversity long into the future.